Develop a Facebook-App with Spring-Social – Part VII: What is Going On On The Wire

In this series of Mini-How-Tow’s I will describe how to develop a facebook app with the help of Spring-Social

In the last part of this series, I showed you, how you can sign-in your users through the signed_request, that is send to your canvas-page.

In this part, I will show you, how to turn on logging of the HTTP-requests, that your app sends to, and the -responses it recieves from the Facebook Graph-API.

The Source is With You

You can find the source-code on http://juplo.de/git/examples/facebook-app/ and browse it via gitweb. Check out part-07 to get the source for this part of the series.

Why You Want To Listen On The Wire

If you are developing your app, you will often wonder, why something does not work as expected. In this case, it is often very usefull to be able to debug the communitation between your app and the Graph-API. But since all requests to the Graph-API are secured by SSL you can not simply listen in with tcpdump or wireshark.

Fortunately, you can turn on the debugging of the underling classes, that process theses requests, to sidestep this problem.

Introducing HttpClient

In its default-configuration, the Spring Framework will use the HttpURLConnection, which comes with the JDK, as http-client. As described in the documentation, some advanced methods are not available, when using HttpURLConnection Besides, the package HttpClient, which is part of Apaches HttpComponents is a much more mature, powerful and configurable alternative. For example, you easily can plug in connection pooling, to speed up the connection handling, or caching to reduce the amount of requests that go through the wire. In production, you should always use this implementation, instead of the default-one, that comes with the JDK.

Hence, we will switch our configuration to use the HttpClient from Apache, before turning on the debug-logging.

Switching From Apaches HttpCompnents To HttpClient

To siwtch from the default client, that comes with the JDK to Apaches HttpClient, you have to configure an instance of HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory as HttpRequestFactory in your SocialConfig:

@Bean
public HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory requestFactory(Environment env)
{
  HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory factory =
      new HttpComponentsClientHttpRequestFactory();
  factory.setConnectTimeout(
      Integer.parseInt(env.getProperty("httpclient.timeout.connection"))
      );
  factory.setReadTimeout(
      Integer.parseInt(env.getProperty("httpclient.timeout.read"))
      );
  return factory;
}

To use this configuration, you also have to add the dependency org.apache.httpcomonents:httpclient in your pom.xml.

As you can see, this would also be the right place to enable other specialized configuration-options.

Logging The Headers From HTTP-Requests And Responses

I configured a short-cut to enable the logging of the HTTP-headers of the communication between the app and the Graph-API. Simply run the app with the additionally switch -Dhttpclient.logging.level=DEBUG

Take Full Control

If the headers are not enough to answer your questions, you can enable a lot more debugging messages. You just have to overwrite the default logging-levels. Read the original documentation of HttpClient, for more details.

For example, to enable logging of the headers and the content of all requests, you have to start your app like this:

mvn spring-boot:run \
    -Dfacebook.app.id=YOUR_ID \
    -Dfacebook.app.secret=YOUR_SECRET \
    -Dfacebook.app.canvas=https://apps.facebook.com/YOUR_NAMESPACE
    -Dlogging.level.org.apache.http=DEBUG \
    -Dlogging.level.org.apache.http.wire=DEBUG

The second switch is necessary, because I defined the default-level ERROR for that logger in our src/main/application.properties, to enable the short-cut for logging only the headers.

Funded by the Europian Union

This article was published in the course of a resarch-project, that is funded by the European Union and the federal state Northrhine-Wetphalia.

Europäische Union: Investitionen in unsere Zukunft - Europäischer Fonds für regionale Entwicklung EFRE.NRW 2014-2020: Invesitionen in Wachstum und Beschäftigung

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